If you’re thinking about roofing, you’ve likely heard of the term “roof pitch.” But what is roof pitch, exactly? In this guide, here at Conner Roofing we’ll explain what roof pitch means, how it’s measured, and why it’s an important factor in your roofing system.
What Is Roof Pitch?
Roof pitch refers to the slope or angle of your roofing system. Generally speaking, there are two types of roofs: pitched roofs and flat roofs. Pitched roofs are slanted, while flat roofs have a low slope.
How Is Roof Pitch Measured?
Roof pitch is often measured in terms of a ratio, which represents the roof slope as a fraction. For example, a 4/12 roof pitch means that for every 12 horizontal inches, the roof rises vertically 4 inches. Other terms used to describe roof pitch include degrees, percentages, and inches per foot.
Why Is Roof Pitch Important?
Roof pitch is an important factor in your roofing system. It affects many aspects of your roof, including the materials you can use, the steepness of the roof, and the amount of sunlight your roof receives. For example, a flat roof requires different materials and construction techniques than a pitched roof, while a steep slope roof can accommodate solar panels more easily than a low-pitch roof.
Types of Roof Pitch
There are many different types of roof pitch, including:
Low Pitch Roof
A low-pitch roof has a slope of 3/12 or less. They are commonly found on ranch houses, sheds, and other small buildings. Low-pitch roofs require different roofing materials and techniques than higher-pitched roofs.
Steep Slope Roof
A steep slope roof has a pitch of 4/12 or higher. They are often found on homes with a more traditional or decorative style. Steep-pitch roofs require different roofing materials and techniques than low-pitch roofs.
A gable roof is a type of pitched roof with two sloping sides that form a ridge at the top. They are a popular choice for many residential homes.
A hip roof is a type of roof with slopes on all four sides, making a ridge at the top. They are typically found on larger homes or buildings.
A gambrel roof has two distinct pitches, with the lower pitch being steeper than the upper pitch. They are commonly seen on barns and provide a lot of interior space.
Roof Pitch Calculator
Calculating roof pitch can be tricky, especially if you’re not familiar with the math involved. Thankfully, there are many roof pitch calculators available online that can help. All you need is some basic information about your roof, and the calculator will do the rest.
The slope of your roof can also affect which roofing materials are appropriate for your home. Metal roofing, for example, works well on both low and high-pitched roofs, while flat roofs require specialized materials like EPDM rubber or TPO.
Asphalt shingles are a popular choice for steep and low roofs. Slate shingles, on the other hand, are typically only used on higher-pitched roofs due to their weight and fragility.
Roof Repair and Maintenance
The slope of your roof can also affect the ease of maintenance and repairs. Steeper roofs are more difficult to work on, but they are also less likely to collect water and debris. Low-pitched roofs, on the other hand, are more prone to water damage and require more frequent maintenance.
Conner Roofing Has You Covered
Roof pitch is an important factor in your roofing system. It affects not only the style and design of your roof but also the materials you can use and the ease of maintenance. By understanding what roof pitch means and how it’s measured, you can make more informed decisions about your roofing system. If you need help with residential roofing repair or maintenance, don’t hesitate to contact us here at Conner Roofing.